File 40Useful information about road crashes concerning drivers, vehicles, roads, injuries, treatments and costs are all collected by different government agencies. In recognition of the need to assemble all the available information for analysis, the WA Road Safety Council has funded a project to linkA connection between records indicating that two records are deemed to belong to the same person. and analyse information from WA Health, Main Roads WA, Insurance Commission of WA, the Department of Transport and Hospital Trauma Registry records. These road safety linkages are managed separately from the core WADLSWestern Australian Data Linkage System: The Western Australian system used to connect available health and other related information for the WA population. This incorporates database tables holding demographic data and linkage keys, and the bespoke tools used by Linkage Staff to process, create, store and retrieve them. linkages and are available for use in road safety related research projects.

For more information regarding Road Safety projects please contact Ellen Ceklic at ellen.ceklic@health.wa.gov.au

Research projects that have been undertaken as a result of funding for linkages can be found below.

Aboriginal
Cercarelli, L. R., Ryan, G. A., Knuiman, M. W. & Donovan, R. J. (2000). Road Safety issues in remote Aboriginal communities in Western Australia, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 845-848.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000145750000004X

Cercarelli, L. R. & Knuiman, M. W. (2002). Trends in road injury hospitalisation rates for aboriginal and non-aboriginal people in Western Australia, 1971-97, Injury Prevention, 8(3), 211-215.
http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/8/3/211.short

Bicyclists
Meuleners, L. B., Gavin, A. L. Hendrie, D., & Cercarelli, L. R. (2003). Bicycle Crashes and Injuries in Western Australia, 1987-2000. Report to the Road Safety Council of Western Australia, Injury Research Centre. RR131.
http://www.cycle-helmets.com/RR131.pdf


Children
Hayati K.S., Pikora T. J, Preen D.B., Wicks S. (2011). Transport-related hospitalisation rates among children using Western Australian Data Linkage SystemThe Western Australian system used to connect available health and other related information for the WA population. This incorporates database tables holding demographic data and linkage keys, and the bespoke tools used by Linkage Staff to process, create, store and retrieve them. (WADLS): Analysis of first and repeat admissions. Paper presented at The 10th National Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Conference by Australian injury Prevention Network, November 2-4, 2011, Brisbane, Queensland.
http://www.icebergevents.com/uploads/File/2011_Injury_Prevention/ABSTRACT-BOOK-10th-National-Conference-on-Injury-Prevention-and-Safety-Promotion.pdf#page=112

Hayati K.S., Pikora T. J., Preen D. B., Wicks S. (2010). Determining trends on childhood injuries using a Western Australia DataCan refer to: (1) the demographic data used in the Data Linkage process; or (2) information pertaining to services provided to people or their clinical information (available only from Data Custodians, including via CARES). Linkage System: a proposal. Tenth World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, September 21-24, 2010, London, United Kingdom.

Economic
Rosman, D. & Hendrie, D. (2002). Estimating the cost of injury using the Western Australian data linkage system and injury cost database, Symposium on Health Data Linkage, Sydney, Australia.
http://phidu.torrens.edu.au/publications-1999-to-2004/symposium-on-health-data-linkage-proceedings#EqdCk79FPh6lik1T.97
 
Drink Driving
Rosman, D. L. Ferrante, A. M. & Marom, Y. (2001). A linkage study of Western Australian drink driving arrests and road crash records, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 33(2), 221-231.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11204892

Elderly – cataract
Meuleners, L. B., Hendrie, D., Lee, A. H., Ng, J. Q., & Morlet, N. (2012). The effectiveness of cataract surgery in reducing motor vehicle crashes: a whole population study using linked data. Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 19(1).23-31.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22273356

Meuleners, L. B., Ng, J. Q., Hendrie, D., & Morlet, N. (2012). Impact of gender on firsteye cataract surgery and motor vehicle crash risk for older drivers. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 40(6), 591-597.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22171634

Meuleners, L. B., Duke, J., Lee, A. H., Hildebrand, J., & Ng, J. Q. (2011). Psychoactive medications and crash involvement requiring hospitalization for older drivers: a population-based study. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 59(9), 1575-80.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21883110

Emergency
Sprivulis, P., Da Silva, J. A., Jacobs, I., Jelinek, G., & Swift, R. (2006). ECHO: the Western Australian Emergency Care Hospitalisation and Outcome linked data project. Australian New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30(2), 127-130.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16681331

Electronic Stability Control
Monash Injury Research Institute. (2010). Follow-up evaluation of electronic stability control effectiveness in Australasia. (Report No. 306).
http://www.monash.edu.au/miri/research/reports/muarc306.html

Heavy Vehicles
Meuleners, L. B., Lee, A. H., Cercarelli, L. R., & Legge, M. (2006). Estimating crashes involving heavy vehicles in Western Australia, 1999-2000: a capture-recapture method. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 38(1), 170-175.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16221468

Injury Severity
Rosman, D. L. (2000). A Uniform Definition of 'Serious' Injury for Road Crash Casualties in Australia: Report to ARRB Transport Research, Road Accident Prevention Research Unit.

Chapman, A., & Rosman, D.L. (2008). An evaluation of road crash injury severity using diagnosis based injury scaling. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2008 Australasian road safety research, policing and education conference, Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure, Adelaide, pp. 146-155.
http://casr.adelaide.edu.au/rsr/RSR2008/ChapmanA.pdf

Chapman, A., & Rosman, D.L., (2010). An evaluation of ICISS methodology for determining the severity of road crash injuries using linked data, Proceedings of the 2010 Australasian road safety research, policing and education conference, Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government, Canberra.
http://casr.adelaide.edu.au/rsr/RSR2010/ChapmanA.pdf

Maller, M. (2014). Improving the measurement of injury severity using linked data. Presented at the Health Data Linkage Conference, April 2014, Vancouver, Canada.
http://www.ihdlnconference2014.org/abstract/Maller

Pedestrians
Legge, M. & Rosman, D. L. (2000). Pedestrian Crashes in Western Australia, 1987-1996 the Determinants of the Severity of Injuries: Report to the Health Department of Western Australia, Road Accident Prevention Research Unit.
http://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=686913

Lyle, G. & Rosman, D. L. (2000). A Spatial Analysis of Pedestrian Crashes in the Metropolitan Area of Perth, Western Australia (1992-1996) 3 volumes.  Report to the Road Safety Council of Western Australia, Road Accident Prevention Research Unit.

Passengers
Adams, C. (2003). Passenger Injuries in Crashes in Western Australia, 1996-2000. Report to the Royal Automobile Club of WA.
http://acrs.org.au/files/arsrpe/RS030003.pdf

Risk Taking
Rosman, D. L. (2000). Drink Driving, Speeding and Road Crashes: Report to the Road Safety Council of Western Australia Road, Road Accident Prevention Research Unit.

Rosman, D. L. (2000). Road Crash Recidivism a Study of High Risk Car Drivers and Motorcycle Riders: Report to the Health Department of Western Australia, Road Accident Prevention Research Unit.

Royal Flying Doctor
Fatovich, D. M., Phillips, M., Langford, A. A., & Jacobs, I. G. (2011). A comparison of metropolitan vs rural major trauma in Western Australia. Resuscitation, 82(7), 886-890.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21481512

Speed Zones
Kirov, C. & Legge, M. (2001). Crashes in 60km/h Speed Zones in Western Australia: Report to the Road Safety Council of Western Australia, Road Accident Prevention Research Unit.

Trauma Risk
Fatovich, D., M., Jacobs, I., Langford, S., & Phillips, M. (2012) .The effect of age, severity, and mechanism of injury on risk of death from major trauma in Western Australia. Journal of Trauma Acute Care Surgery, 74(2), 647- 651.
https://www.flyingdoctor.org.au/assets/files/Effect_of_Age_Severity_Mechanism_on_Risk_of_Death_for_Major_Trauma_in_WA__J_Trauma_Acute_Care_Surg_2013.pdf

Fatovich, D. M., Phillips, M., Jacobs, I. G., & Langford, S. A. (2011). Major trauma patients transferred from rural and remote Western Australia by the Royal Flying Doctor Service. Journal of Trauma, 71(6), 1816-1820.
https://www.flyingdoctor.org.au/assets/files/Major_Trauma_Patients_Transferred_from_Rural__Remote_WA_by_RFDS.pdf

Youth
Ho, K. M., Geelhoed, E., Gope, M., Burrell, M., & Rao, S. (2012). An injury awareness education program on outcomes of juvenile justice offenders in Western Australia: an economic analysis. BMC Health Services Research, 12, 279-284                                                   
http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1472-6963-12-279.pdf

Ho, K. M., Litton, E., Geelhoed, E., Gope, M., Burrell, M., Coribel, J., McDowall, A., & Rao, S. (2012). Effect of an injury awareness education program on risk0taking behaviours and injuries in juvenile justice offenders: a retrospective cohort study, Plos One, 7(2), e31776.
http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1371/journal.pone.0031776

Ferrante, A. M. Rosman, D. L. & Marom, Y. (2001). Novice drink drivers, recidivism and crash involvement, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 33(2), 221-228.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11204893

Other
Lopez, D. G., Rosman, D. L. Jelinek, G. A., Wilkes, G. J. & Sprivulis, P. C. (2000). Complementing police road-crash records with trauma registry data-an initial evaluation. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 32(6), 771-778.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10994604

Rosman, D. L. (2001). The Western Australian Road Injury Database (1987-1996): ten years of linked police, hospital and death records of road crashes and injuries, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 33(1), 81-88.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000145750000018X